Home Up Site Map

History Highlights


Select a link below to view the specific page you are looking for. Once page appears, Internet Explorer users should use the magnification tool which will appear at the bottom of the page to enlarge image. Views will vary depending on browser and photo software. Use your browser's Back button to return to this page. Descriptions given for each page below are the actual section headlines within each page.



Calvert Independent- September 23, 1954


Headline: Calvert Celebrates 300th Birthday


Front Page (Page 1) 


        Sources of History

        What does the history of Calvert County Include?

        In the Beginning (Calvert County History)

        The Pageant of the "Cavaliers of Calvert"

        Front Page Photographs:

            -Prince Frederick Election Day

            -In the Old Days of Prince Frederick


Page 2

        Calvert County History (continued from page 1)

            Famed Calvert Cliffs

            History of Calvert was Influenced by the Physiographic Features

            Mineral Resources

            Water Resources



        Celebration Ad: Calvert Construction Company


Page 3

        Calvert County History (continued from page 2)


            Fisheries and Hydrography

            Page 3 Photographs:    

                -In the Old Days of Prince Frederick

                -Scene of the Court House, Prince Frederick, Maryland

                -Scene of the Town Hall, Prince Frederick, Maryland

            Celebration Ad: Wm. Schluderberg- T.J. Kurdle Company


Page 4

        Celebration Ad: Southern Maryland Oil Company


Page 5

        Celebration Ad: Board of County Commissioners of Calvert County


Page 6

        Celebration Ad: Warren Denton & Company


Page 7

        Pageant (continued from page 1)

            Scene 1 through Scene 8


Page 8

        Pageant (continued from page 7)

            Scene 8 continued through Scene 10

        Calvert County History (continued from page 3)

            Indians of Calvert County

        Page 8 Photographs:

            -Prince Frederick Town Hall

            -Main Street, Prince Frederick

            -Local Court House

        Celebration Ad: Cox Motors


Page 9 (1608-1650s)

        Calvert History (continued from page 8)

            Captain John Smith and the Indians in 1608

            Early Exploration of Calvert County

            Calvert Cliffs were Originally Called "Riccards Cliftes"

            John Pory and Estinien Moll Visited Calvert County in 1621

            John Pory Meets Hostile Indians

            King of Patuxent Indians at Guest of Governor Leonard Calvert and 

                Sir John Harvey

            William Claiborne Tries to Prejudice Patuxent Indians

            Lord Baltimore Map Made in 1635 Shows Outlines of Calvert County

            Clairborne's Men are Participant in First Belligerent Action in     

                Patuxent River in 1635

            Proclamation of Peace from St. Mary's with Patuxent Indians in 1639

            Father Andrew White Lives With Indians on Banks of Patuxent in 


            Oldest House in Calvert County, "Cross Manor," Built About 1643

            Fort Constructed Near Patuxent River by Colonists

            Puritans From Virginia Find Refuge in Maryland Colony

            Robert Brooke Moved to Battle Creek Area in 1652

            Activities at Preston-on-the-Patuxent: One of the Most Important 

                Chapters in the History of Calvert County


Page 10

        Celebration Ad: County Trust Company of Maryland


Page 11 (1649-1650s) (1820s Boundary Dispute Also Mentioned Briefly)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 9)

            Preston-on-the-Patuxent Versus Charles Gift

            Richard Preston Made Much History in Calvert County

            Preston Made History in Maryland

            Background to Puritan Versus Catholic Differences

            Calvert County Founded in July, 1654

            Name of "Patuxent County" Lasted Only About Four Years

            Calvert and Anne Arundel Counties Engaged in Boundary 

                Dispute During 1820's

        Celebration Ad: Prince Frederick Department Store


Page 12

       Celebration Ad: Calco Gas Corporation


Page 13 (1650s) (1820s Boundary Dispute Also Mentioned Briefly)

      Calvert County History (continued from page 11)

            Supplementary Law Passed in 1823 to Further Settle Dispute

            Claiborne Makes a Treaty with Hostile Indians

            Claiborne Overthrows Governor William Stone in 1652 and 1654

            Governor William Stone was Finally Forced to Lay Down His Power

            First General Assembly of Maryland Under New Regime  at         


            Transactions at Preston' Home were Many and Varied

            Warfare on the Site of Calvert County in 1655

            John Hammond Seizes Official Records at Preston's Home Early in 


            Governor Stone's Men Attacked Preston-On-The-Patuxent in 1655

            Warfare on the Severn River Between the Catholics and Puritans in 


            Lord Baltimore Finally Gets Back Government From Puritans in 1658

            Richard Preston Remained a Public Figure in Affairs of the Colony

            The Calvert Family, Namesake of Calvert County

            The Earliest Calvert County Homes

            Calvert Countians Clear and Cultivate Wooded Areas


Page 14 (1650s-1670s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 13)

            Expansion in Calvert County 1650-1675

            Fish and Game Abounded in Calvert County

            Fishing Rights

            Court Days at Patuxent, Calvert County

            Murder in Calvert County

            First Jury of Women in the Maryland Colony

            The Case of Doctor Lumbrozo

            Woman Draws a Distorted Map of Calvert County

            Meeting at the Patuxent in 1659 Averts War Between Maryland and 

                New Netherland

            The Quakers in Calvert County in 1658

            Mattapani in St. Mary's County Closely Associated With County 


            George Alsop's Map is Published in 1666

            Beginning of Highways in Calvert County


Page 15 (1670s-1680s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 14)

            Augustine Herriman's Map Includes Accurate Outline of County in 


            Shipping in the Patuxent River in 1671

            George Fox the Quaker Enters Patuxent River in 1672

            Calvert County Physician Poisoned Governor and Legislators in 1678

            Maidstone Home Built in 1678

            Bond Castle Built About 1680

            Emigration from Calvert County

            First County Seat at Battletown, or Calverton, in 1683

            Mary Taney Appeals for Spiritual Leaders in 1686

            Michael Taney, Sheriff of Calvert County, and the Rebellion of 1689


Page 16 (1690s-1720s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 15)     

            Capital Moved From St. Mary's to Annapolis in 1694

            Churches of Calvert County Began in 1691

            Calvert County Associated With First Free School of Colony

            Mail Route Passed Through Calvert County Beginning in 1695

            Catholics Aid Calvert During Epidemic in 1696

            Miscellaneous Happenings in 1699

            Width of Roads in Calvert County Set at 20 Feet in 1704

            Persecution of Catholics in Calvert County in 1704

            Indented Servants in Calvert County

            Negro Slaves in Calvert County

            First Schools in Calvert County Legislated for in 1723


Page 17 (1720s-1770s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 16)

            First School in Calvert County was Academy at Lower Marlborough

            Prince Frederick Became County Seat in 1725

            Calvert Countians in the General Assembly in 1745

            Merchandizing in the Patuxent River Area in 1745

            Rousby Hall was One of Calvert County's Famous Homes

            Christopher Rousby, Thorn in Side of Third Lord Baltimore

            Fitzhugh's Strange Marriage Proposal to the Widow of John Rousby

            Cosmo Mackenzie Settled on Calvert Cliffs in 1746

            French Acadians Settle in Calvert County in 1755

            Calvert County Contributed Little to the French and Indian Wars 

                in 1754

            Agriculture in Calvert County Before Revolution was Primitive

            Socio-Economics of Calvert County Provided Little Prosperity

            Living Conditions in Calvert County was Different from City Life

            Calvert County Helps Boston After the Fire of 1760

            Calvert Countians Became Disturbed by Further Taxes

            Frederick, Sixth Lord Baltimore, Sold All His Plantations in 

                Calvert County in 1766

            Calvert County Supports Charlotte Hall Academy Beginning in 1773


Page 18 (1770s-1780s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 17)

            Calvert Countians Participate in the Continental Congress in 1774

            Calvert County Contributes to a State Militia

            End of Proprietary Rule in Maryland

            Militia Organized in Calvert County County to Protect It From Danger

            War in the Patuxent River and Chesapeake Bay During the 


            Independence and Statehood for Maryland

            Rezin Beall Considered Unpopular Leader

            Calvert Countians Helped to Pay Price for Liberty

            Calvert County Prepared for Invasion by Lord Cornwallis in 1777

            New Maryland Government

            Thomas Johnson, First Maryland Governor, was Born in Calvert 

                County in 1732

            Calvert County Contributed Heavily to Expenses of War

            Calvert County Helped to Feed Troops in 1780

            Thomas Johnson Succeeded by Thomas Sim Lee in 1779

            Americans Vessels Blockaded in Patuxent River in 1780

            British Burned and Destroyed Rousby Hall and Other Calvert County 

                Homes in 1780
            Americans Captured British Vessel Off Patuxent Mouth in 1781

            Benjamin Mackall's Home Destroyed by British in 1783

            State Constitution Drawn Up Beginning in 1784

            Maryland Ratifies the Constitution in 1788

            Thomas Gantt Helped Draft the Bill of Rights in 1789


Page 19 (1790s-1814)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 18)

            Maps Beginning From 1735 to the Present Become More Accurate

            Thomas John Claggett Made Bishop of Episcopal Church in 1792

            Calvert County Justices Appointed in 1790

            Roger Brooke Taney, Born in Calvert County, Left to Study Law in 


            Miles Taney - John Magruder Duel Fought on Taney Place

            Michael Taney Moves to Take Away Property Qualifications for 

                Maryland Office

            Election Districts of Calvert County Set in 1798

            Years Preceding War of 1812 were Uneventful in County

            Joseph Kent, Born in Calvert County, Helped in Formal Declaration 

                of War in 1812

            Commodore Joshua Barney Made History in Patuxent River and 

                Calvert County in 1814

            Engagement in St. Leonard's Creek Began on June 1, 1814

            Barney Fought Mild Engagements on June 7-9, 1814

            Barney Scored Victory in St. Leonard Creek on June 10, 1814

            Barney is Beset with Many Troubles While Blockaded in St. 

                Leonard's Creek

            Blockade in St. Leonard's Creek of Barney's Flotilla on June 26, 1814

            Calvert County Ravaged and Plundered After June 10, 1814 Naval 


            Barney Patrolled Upper Patuxent River Until August 20, 1814

            Calvert County Courthouse Destroyed by British Between 

                July 13 and 23, 1814


Page 20 (1812-1865)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 19)

            British Marched into and Burned Washington D.C. from 

                Patuxent Landing August 24, 1814

            Miscellaneous Happenings During the War of 1812-1814

            Roger Brooke Taney Announced His Anti-Slavery Decisions in 1818

            Conditions of Calvert County from 1800 to 1840

            Calvert County Tournaments Began About 1845

            Calvert County Participated in Constitutional Convention in State 

                in 1850

            Prelude to the Civil War in Maryland

            Calvert County Threatened by Confederates in Bay in 1861

            Draft of 1862 Included Calvert County; No Volunteers from 

                Calvert County

            Recruiting Station for Negro Troops Set Up at Lower Marlboro, 

                Calvert County

            Calvert County was Against the Abolition of Slavery in 1864

            Slavery Abolished in Maryland by Convention on April 27, 1864

            Calvert County Votes Against Lincoln in Presidential Election in 1864

            Sons of Calvert County Served in Many Battles Between 1863 and 



Page 21 (1860s-1890s)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 20)

            Civil War Brought Changes in Calvert County From 1860 to 1865

            Calvert County Attended Convention Concerning Registration Law 

                in 1866

            Village of Solomons Settled in 1867 by Captain Isaac Solomon

            Shipbuilding Was an Important Industry After Civil War

            "Spanish Mansion" at Drum Point Settled After Civil War

            Oyster High-Jackers' Activity in 1880's

            Calvert County Showed Definite Partisanship in Important Elections

            1867 Votes Cast for Governor of Maryland

            Worked in Calvert County in 1882 Commercially

            Prince Frederick was Swept by Fire in 1882 and County Records were 


            Map of Calvert County Area Quite Advanced in 1890

            Solomons' Suburb Started During the Johnstown Flood of 1889

            Solomons was Incorporated in 1892, But it is Not Functioning as Such

            Weather Station Set Up at Solomons By Dr. William Henry Marsh in 



Page 22 (1890s-1920s)

       Calvert County History (continued from page 21)

            Many Roads Built in Calvert County Up to 1899

            Farm Buildings of Calvert county Unchanged Since Late 1800's

            Farming in Calvert County in 1900 Contributed Little to State

            Great Dewey Dry Dock Tested in Drum Point Harbor in 1905

            Solomons Island Bridge Rebuilt to Connect with Mainland in 1907

            Forests of Calvert County Important Before World War I

            Public Health Service for Sailors and Mariners Set Up in Solomons in 


            German Passenger Liners Interned in Patuxent River

            Calvert County Men in World War I Commemorated in Bronze at 

                County Seat

            Showboat Visited Solomons During 1920's

            High School Students Attended Classes in Motor Launch in 1920's

            Calvert County Towns Become More  Accessible During 1930's

            Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Located at Solomons in 1922


Page 23 (1930s-1954)

        Calvert County History (continued from page 22)

            Hurricane of 1933 Brought Havoc and Ruin to Bayside Waterfronts

            Highways System of Calvert County Improved by 1936

            Negroes in Calvert County Always Treated Well

            United States Navy and Marines Descended Upon County in 1942

            Amphibious Training Base (ATB) at Dowell Established in 1942

            ATB Has Disastrous Effects Upon Water Supply of Solomons

            Navy Mine Test Station on Point Patience Established in 1942

            Underwater Explosive Experiments Did Not Harm Fisheries of 


            Patuxent Naval Air Test Center Constructed in 1941

            Immigration of Navy Has Brought Great Changes to Calvert County

            Amphibious Training Base, Closed in 1945, Bought by State of 


            Population of Calvert County Past, Present, and Future


Page 24 

        Human Side of Social Security

        Public Notices

        Calvert County History (continued from page 23)



Copyright: Written permission was obtained and granted by the Calvert Independent Newspaper to digitize and post sections of the Calvert Independent, September 23, 1954 edition to the web. Anyone wishing to reproduce any of the Calvert Independent newspaper for the purpose of publication should contact the Calvert Independent at: 

424 Solomons Island Road North, Prince Frederick, MD, 20678-3909



Maintained by:



Designed by Lisa Tassa, November, 2003 
  Last modified: October 13, 2006